I am sharing a slideshow that I used recently in a Year Six lesson. It provides opportunities for some rich discussion about the Benin Bronzes and whether they belong at the British museum or not. Students are also introduced to exploded drawing as a technique. I am working on lessons that encourage students to engage with topical art and non art related issues as well as developing their art and creativity.
I have often been tempted to proclaim something along the lines of ‘in primary art, assessment is not needed’. What I mean by this is not what it might imply to the ears of the well primed teacher i.e. a badly planned curriculum with children free-falling through a mess of art activities.
However, there is an unfolding of ownership over one’s own learning and ‘progress’ that is an intrinsic part of being an artist; and therefore, should be an integral and natural consideration when planning for art in schools. What has often struck me though, in both my art teaching career and as an art education consultant, is that the act of assessment in art can often prove detrimental to many of these and other naturally occurring benefits possible in a good primary school art provision. It is not the assessment per se that can do this but more how assessment in art is approached and shared with students.
That said, most schools require some form of assessment feedback and documentation to be put in place by their art leaders.
I do not claim an in depth understanding of school subjects other than art. I do however have a sense that for subjects like numeracy and literacy, as well as teacher formative feedback, there are established methods for how assessment is carried out. These subjects, have a predefined structure around how they are taught and often the curricula that schools follow is fairly unified across school settings. This makes assessment a straightforward tool for gauging progress, informing planning and moving the students on to the next stage of their learning – or revisiting prior learning objectives to ‘catch-up’. Not so in art and design.
It is significant here to understand that very often art as a primary school subject, is led by a non art specialist class teacher. I do not mean to discount anyone or their artistic abilities and interests but, in my experience, the pathways into becoming a primary art lead are extremely varied and can result in individuals feeling overwhelmed and ill equipped to design and assess art experiences. The disparity in teacher experience and confidence in teaching art is not necessarily addressed by teacher training courses either, with minimal time spent on art in most PGCE and equivalent courses.
Follow that train of thought with me because, The National Curriculum for primary art is brief and non-specific, leaving a lot open to the interpretation of each school. So, in most cases, it is the job of the art leader to design and plan the entire curriculum for art and design themselves. We are talking about a minimum of 36 schemes of work for your average primary school. The daunting task of selecting the art and artists to look at and learn about, which skills and techniques to be taught and what creative outcomes are to be made frequently falls on the head of one, rather overworked already, art lead. Not to mention the expectations around school display, festive crafts and school events – and assessment.
It is no wonder then, that by the time it comes to assessment in art, most leaders hit a brick wall. I have seen and heard many times, of schools attempting to simply apply the same methods for assessing art as they do in other subjects; but these methods do not always transfer in a way that makes sense, and can lead to further art leader confusion.
Even without the pressure to use pre-existing formats to assess, there are issues. I follow art teacher forums, receive direct messages from teachers and lead CPD for schools and in all these spaces I regularly come across art leaders having the realisation that assessing art is hard at best and just plain bewildering at worst. It can be difficult to pin point exactly what to assess, how useful it actually is to anyone and whether it is necessary at all.
If you have ever delved into art teaching or art curriculum design, you will know that as a taught subject, art doesn’t always fit neatly into tangible strands that have linear progression inherent in them. This makes assessment for progress, in the way that schools and teachers are used to, challenging.
The good news is that for now, the government are not asking for art levels to be submitted or shared; and I am yet to come across a parent demanding to see grades in primary art either. It is not impossible to satisfy the assessment junkies in your school, but let’s acknowledge that we are in fact, free to do this with well thought out approaches that might look different to the status quo in schools.
Art assessment should exist only in as much as it has been designed with an awareness of your school art curriculum, doesn’t compromise the integrity of art and creativity experiences for the students and feeds into a wider ethos about art and creativity.
Rescue our Schools have a page dedicated to alternatives to assessment
Whether we talk about it or not, art as a subject sits outside some of the norms of the other subjects in schools, and if it doesn’t then maybe we aren’t doing it right. Don’t get me wrong, I am not advocating a total rejection of school rules or promoting anarchy, but I do want to encourage art leaders to be bold in their art leadership. This means knowing when a standard school approach to something, such as planning, marking or CPD just doesn’t work well for art and design. I have focused on the three areas that stand out to me for these reasons. I hope some of what I write might help you to defend/explain/educate others on your professional decisions.
Planning documents: If you have attended any training with me then you will already know that when it comes to planning docs, I suggest pasting in thumbnails of the (main) artwork that you will be looking at, and including thumbnail images of the artists you will cover. Selecting the art and artists you will look at with students is one of the biggest decisions an art leader makes, and has an impact on how the subject looks and feels in your school. So it makes sense to showcase this aspect in the planning documents.
I also find that visible images rather than text, is a good way to ensure balanced coverage of medium and art and artists. It makes the planning document a visual one, which is in alignment with the visual subject. In addition, any visitors who are handed, for example, a yearly overview of years 1 – 6, will get an instant impression of the fantastic range of art and experiences the children will be exposed to.
I tend to stay away from things like LOs in planning documents, I find them restrictive and they can actually have the effect of limiting outcomes. Being a slave to the planning is never a good thing in art. If teachers stick too rigidly to objectives they might miss all of the other non quantifiable learning opportunities that will happen organically in an art lesson. Yes, we need to have a plan for what we will share with the children as stimulus, which materials we will need and what we want the students to get out of a lesson (tangibly or otherwise) but with art, so much of what we do is about trusting a creative process and learning as things unfold. Whilst the children might need to learn certain specifics in art, these might not be the ‘main’ learning points and certainly won’t be the only ones.
Artists know that as we create with our hands and minds, we are gaining an embodied knowledge that will feed into future work and ideas – it is more expansion than progression that we are concerned with.
The problem is that if art teachers or leaders do not have personal experience of creativity broadly, but also specifically with the materials they are teaching about, then they might struggle to ‘trust the process’. In which case it makes sense that such teachers would try to predict the exact learning that will take place, and in measured stages. That brings me to my next issue, one of CPD.
CPD or CCD: I worked for many years and in different schools as a primary art leader and teacher, and it was often challenging to find appropriate CPD experiences. I had come from a secondary school teaching background and I am an artist, so most of the courses on offer were too introductory for me and not worth the time or money. More recently, I worked part time as a primary art teacher and wrote my book, hosted CPD courses and did some other pieces of writing around my teaching. In this time, because I was so immersed int he world of primary art education, I really found very little in the way of formal CPD to stimulate or inspire me, any more than I could source for myself on the internet or in books.
I came to realise that the ways that I engaged with art were actually CCD in themselves. I have replaced the P for Professional with a C for Creative. Here are some suggestions for Art Leader CCD – an hour or afternoon well spent!
Related to art, artists and art movements:
Reading books – not necessarily about teaching art!
Making your own art – follow a book, video or just play with materials and see what happens!
Talk to a practicing artist about their processes and ideas
Marking and Assessment: This comes up again and again…and again. In late Feb 2021, I will be sharing an online CPD (or should I now be changing this to CCD?!) session that will go into this in more detail. If you would like to know when that is ready to see then please follow my FB page.
Generally though; There are no national levels for art, no specifics we must follow for curriculum content and in my experience, parents don’t ask for grades in art. Senior management ask though, and that is why art leaders feel obliged to develop ways of delivering data around this – and also why when you embark on trying to deliver this, it can feel like trying to place a round peg in a square hole, blindfolded.
In levelling art or logging end of year grades, we must question who is it for? Assessment in other subjects is there to run alongside set bits of knowledge or specific tasks that come via the planning, through the teaching and lessons and hopefully are then seen in the work of the children. We test to see whether the child needs to revisit or move on and extend. In art we do not begin with a clear or specific set of objectives, more often than not teachers have planned the curriculum content themselves, so we have to be really clear on which bits we decide to assess and why. Perhaps the assessment ‘procedure’ needs to be thought out at the planning of the curriculum stage, and will therefore be as varied as planning itself is in different schools.
Generally though, formative feedback is perfect in the art classroom. As the children are working the teacher should be giving feedback to move work on and/or support curiosity and self led learning – balanced with time for the children to be in creative flow. It is a good idea to teach the children ways to review and refine their own work and give peer feedback too, cultivating an environment where the children trust their own opinions and can offer and take useful criticism.
Sketchbooks certainly are not a space for teacher’s marking. If you are an art leader who has never used a sketchbook, then part of your CCD should be to learn about them. The culture of sketchbook use has to be built and nurtured. They are a space for exploration and developing ideas and often they are very expressive and unique to each child (although you might want some basic guidelines). To look at, sketchbooks are similar to scrapbooks and can be very personal objects. I suggest looking at actual examples of GCSE sketchbooks with the children and discussing what makes them different to the books they work in for other subjects. There are also Youtube videos that will help, if you can’t get your hands on an actual sketchbook. When you familiarise yourself with these art books, you will soon see why writing in someones sketchbook is not okay…and you’ll probably want to start using one yourself!
As art leaders we should feel bold enough to defend the fact that art is not about fact learning or attaining levels. It’s about nurturing a visual language (yes there might be some specifics around how to use materials and techniques), being enriched and inspired by creativity, expression of own ideas, multi disciplinary approaches and exploring new concepts and connections…. for starters. These things are not necessarily quantifiable, but part of the art leaders job is to facilitate environments and cultures that are conducive to them. The freedom from competition and trying to do the right thing, often found in quality art provisions, can be an important ingredient.
With all three of these examples, if you have experienced difficulty in getting them to work for you, there is probably a good reason. Trust your instincts and professional judgement. Please don’t waste your time and energy trying to squeeze your subject into frameworks that are not useful to the art learning experiences of the children. It might be that, because of the bespoke nature of your art curriculum, you have to design your own approaches from scratch. Which may seem like extra work, but will probably prove more satisfying than box ticking work.
I am here to support you in leading art, boldly! email@example.com
Join us over on Facebook for weekly creative and uplifting prompts – they are lighthearted and not too time consuming!
See all prompts on the FB page and do them at any time in any order…
This was week 4 and I am reposting here as well as on the FB group so that I can include some useful links below.
https://bit.ly/30ElAjC – Art UK
Emily was invited to speak alongside other presenters at this day long event.
SHIFT, is a weekly IGTV series by @_artisteacher_ a network instigated by the Freelands Foundation (instagram to follow for more). Artisteacher invited artists and educators to share their varied practices each week during the 2020 summer break. Emily kicked of the series with this video.
‘In today’s IGTV, Emily Gopaul, an artist, art teacher and founder of @theprimaryartclass, discusses ways to celebrate diversity and inclusion within the classroom and suggestions of how to engage children with other forms of culture without diminishing their own.’
Hi All, Free slideshow – Skulls, Leonardo da Vinci and Observational Drawing
I have been sorting through years (17 years!) of teaching resources – slideshows mainly, some of which are a bit cringe, some pretty good and some need a bit of refining to be useful. I came across this slideshow around skulls, Leonardo da Vinci and observational drawing and as someone on a FB group had asked for something similar, I realised it might be more useful ‘out there’ as it is, instead of on my hard drive. It is not my best slideshow but it is a good start for your planning and there are brief teaching pointers in the ‘notes’. It could be developed into a whole terms work or used as a one-off lesson. I am offering this for free and will likely share similar slideshows as they come up – especially if they help you art leads at all!
Don’t forget that if you are refining or planning your art curriculum then there is a special offer on online CPD. https://bit.ly/36S4C3l
SEPTEMBER SPECIAL – 2 x online CPD
To help you kickstart your academic year - purchase both Selecting & Using Inspirational Artworks and Planning a Primary Art Curriculum as a bundle. Usually £25 each, get both for £45 during the month of September 2020.
I am starting to question all the art I ever loved before. This has been a slow unfolding consideration alongside the realisation that I, like most of us, have been fed an art diet of predominantly white men. The problem is, I love so much of it. Although now, like many others, I am questioning whether I really love it or whether this like so much else, is learned behaviour heavily influenced by the status quo I grew up with.
I was taught by education, galleries, books and documentaries that artists like Picasso, Van Gogh, Monet, Matisse, Kandinsky and Gauguin to mention just a few, are the epitome of master artists. My naïve younger self believed that they were the artists that had attained fame simply because we live in a world where, if you are good at something or the best at something, you rise to the top and attain recognition for it; above others who are probably less good. I now know that this is not true. I understand, like many of us are starting to, that there are other reasons why some people (mainly white men) have been centred on most platforms and above others for many years.
However for a long time I assumed that this gang of artists were the best of the best. I was not just enthralled by their paintings but also by the stories of their lives. Lives which in some cases sounded like a romantic struggle against the status quo in order to remain loyal to the creativity within them. I identified with that struggle, I often felt on the peripherals myself and found I could make sense of the world by exploring my emotions through art. So somehow, as much as I would like to say that I was always fundamentally aware of underrepresentation, I (think I) did see my young, female, brown self in them and their identification as artists and outsiders; Reflecting on issues of race and racism is not straight forward. The truth is that looking at images in books or actual artworks by those artist’s felt as if I was looking at jewels created by marvellous minds, they held magic for me. When I reflect on my lack of curiosity about ‘other’ artists at that time, I have to remind myself that the internet was not an option then. There were not the handheld means of self-led learning that there is now. I didn’t have the option of ‘following’ people who would offer me alternative perspectives, and perhaps resonate with me in a way that felt a much better fit. Although I have to wonder, up until now how hard have we really tried to include art by historically underrepresented artists in any of the existing forums.
I recall being introduced to Rachel Whiteread at college in the 90’s during my art foundation, but at the time I was interested in paintings and the physicality and conceptual nature of her work evaded me. I also lovingly remember coming across a book about Frida Kahlo’s work on my home bookshelf – it wasn’t a shelf brimming with art books but this one had found its way there. When ‘I discovered’ Frida something in me clicked, I felt validated in my own emotion-driven style of working. Frida remains one of my biggest inspirations. I had long been using art as an outlet for my feelings and suddenly there was a legitimate artist who also did this (and her sense of style was incredible).
I resonated with art and the world of the artist so much that I left secondary school and pursued art at A-level and at degree level, all the while with not much more exposure to ‘alternative’ art than the two female artists I mention above. It was enough for me though; I had the bug.
During my art foundation and degree years white tutors would encourage me to make work specifically about ‘my heritage’, often without going to any lengths to understand the nuances of my heritage for themselves. In fact often assumptions would be made based purely on my appearance and surname, but without the proper understanding that only comes through genuine conversation (cut to montage of me explaining why I am not necessarily the person in the staffroom/meeting etc. to represent or authenticate something Indian). I did produce some installation pieces that referenced my Indo-Guyanese ancestry but I feel the work lacked depth. I was still relatively young then and I was not strongly identifying as anything ‘other’– having spent most of my youth simply trying to fit in to predominantly white spaces. I didn’t understand what about my heritage/identity I was supposed to be making art about; At that time I was quite immersed in seeing and feeling through through the same lens as everyone else. Also, I hadn’t encountered examples of others like me who had made art about their heritage or cultural influences. Furthermore, even outside of the art world there were very few people who were like me anywhere on television, in magazines or as characters in books. It felt like my brownness was being superficially cited as a resource to be drawn on to make my work more interesting; What are the chances that my fellow white students were encouraged to do the same? In this climate of new anti racist approaches we need to be mindful about the provocations we are offering in an attempt to be inclusive.
I also often encountered an assumption that I had stories and resources associated with my ethnic and cultural background to hand, by nature of just being brown, which I didn’t. In an earlier blogpost I talk about the pattern that I have witnessed and experienced, for children of immigrants to be somewhat disconnected from their roots. This can happen as a result of trying to ‘fit in’, keenness to assimilate the dominant culture of a place, loss of information due to movement – forced or otherwise, or deliberate erasure. (In fact it is with this in mind that during Lockdown, I shared my home learning video prompt Home School Rebel. The video invited parents to ditch the official home learning schedule and spend some time sharing family stories).
I completed my degree having never really found my own voice in my art work, I could draw and paint but my concepts were underdeveloped – by my own judgement. Fortuitously though, my degree was Fine Art with a minor in Community Art, which meant that I spent a portion of my degree working with groups of children, older people, teens and other sub groups making art. I loved it. I found that I could work well with others to create art. Art and creativity had meant so much to me and I enjoyed seeing others realise it as a powerful tool for connecting with feelings and expressing oneself. I still enjoyed the ‘high’ art world through regular visits to galleries but I had also opened up to creativity as a tool for everybody. I started to believe that art should be for all and that creativity was not a gift bestowed on the few but actually alive in all of us. As my journey continued, I came to know a few more female artists; Georgia O’Keeffe, Niki De Saint Phalle, Shirin Neshat to name a few. Yet still I did not question, with any real urgency, where the black or brown artists were. I completed my degree and went straight on to complete a secondary art PGCE course, to become an art teacher.
My first teaching experience was in a ‘challenging’ secondary school that had just been given the result of ‘requires improvement’ by Ofsted. I was dedicated to finding ways to engage those young people with art and creativity in exciting ways, and with art and artists they could identify with. That said, I still had the western art history canon fixed in my mind as the crème de la crème. I, like many others, created lessons and resources that referenced the usual art gang with a sprinkling of women, people of colour and ‘edgy’ young people themes like ‘graffiti’ or ‘street art’. I continued to visit all the top gallery exhibitions, consuming and through teaching, relaying the art that I was presented with.
Looking back it never occurred to me to question with much fervour why much of the art I saw was by men, and certainly not why they were all white men. That was just the world I grew up in. I am now 39 and I am slightly embarrassed that I never thought to question; I remain fairly confused as to why my eyes did not open to this earlier. Did I think that there just weren’t many other artists who were good enough to have made it? Did I assume that in other countries they were learning about different art? Did I internalise that whiteness and high art were something to aspire to? Maybe.
I started this post by saying; I am questioning the art I (thought) I loved before, but maybe it would be more accurate to say I am expanding upon. I am so grateful to the abundance of content that we have now and how easily accessible it is. There are individuals and organisations who are actively trying to change the way we define art and culture – maybe they were always there but since May 25th I hear and see them more. I think educators in schools and galleries have a big responsibility here – to self reflect and to listen to and work with relevant individuals and organisations. I hope that moving forward we can co-create a type of change that is deeply aware of being untethered to ideals of the dominant culture, and does not perpetuate it.
For some time now I have advocated for more diverse selection of art and artists in education, this has to start with curriculum design. My BAME artist resource is open to contributors and growing and is one of the ways I support this. Through my work with schools, teacher training events and CPD videos, I invite curriculum designers to actively centre artists of colour, rather than adding the odd few for diversities sake. I have also championed the use of art in classrooms as discussion stimulus, not just practical inspiration. I want all children to confidently engage with and critique the art on offer around them so that they share their opinions and challenge the status quo. More recently I have spoken and shared around the theme of Cultural Capital (and the 2019 Ofsted focus on how schools support it in their pupils). I advocate a reclaiming of the term so that it does not merely mean increased access to the existing cultural institutions. Those institutions do not hold the one answer to what is or isn’t art, they often aren’t representative of the children we teach and sometimes they actively offend with the art they display. I want children to know that whatever cultural background or mixed cultural influences they hold are valued and valid. That they do not need to aspire to be another person, colour or culture. They can engage with other cultural forms without diminishing their own. I have spoken about this at the NSEAD 2020 conference and for the Artisteacher network. I am set to speak on anti racist approaches to art and craft education at the upcoming Crafts Council event and am currently working alongside the schools and teachers team at Tate, on various projects that centre inclusivity and definitely seem to reflect a commitment to positive change.
The combination of Covid and the killing of George Floyd, and subsequent speaking out of people about race and inequality, has hurled 2020 into a strange yet somehow more hopeful (?) place. It is time for change and I am committed to doing what I can from my art education corner. I am curious to see how genuinely committed our galleries, schools and leaders are to anti racist approaches and for how long.
Meanwhile, I continue to delight in creating (sometimes inspired by my heritage and sometimes not) and learning. I seek out and feed myself with new art, art forms and artists to broaden and nourish my own idea of art and who artists are. The truth is they are everywhere in all corners of time and place. There is no lack of inspirational work or people. This is so because being an artist means that you likely find a way to create, whether you are famed or not, whether you can afford the time and resources or not. The work exists, we must find it and celebrate it and make sure that all future artists have a better chance at making it.
As some children return to school, I like many others, hope that creativity and art will play an integral role in the transition.
I am in the art education world; I actively seek out creativity and art through programmes, (usually) galleries, books etc. However, even if this is not your lifestyle, it cannot have escaped your attention that during lockdown, art and creativity have become popular culture. It seems that in this time of social isolation and disconnect from our normal activities, art and creativity have been a natural resource for many people.
Some, like myself, have been grateful for the extra time to bring to fruition long thought about creative projects. I have felt lucky that my lifelong tendency to enjoy time on my own, to make art, has come into its own this year. Aside from the usual arty types though, there are also many people who have rediscovered their creativity – picking up old hobbies such as baking or sewing or beginning never before attempted projects and art tasks. I say ‘rediscovered’ pertinently because, predictably, I am of the belief that we are all innately creative and the process of becoming an adult squeezes it out of us. You might have found yourself to be a Lockdown baker, gardener, junk modeller, patterned mask maker, dreamcatcher maker – these all require creativity.
You only have to look at the popularity and wide reaching engagement of programmes like Channel four’s Grayson’s Art Club and BBC4’s Life Drawing Live! to realise there’s something inherently engaging about art. As well as this, it seems there has been a tendency towards creative activities to keep children entertained and happy at home during this homeschool period. Even without the art making, we have seen galleries make collections and exhibitions available for the public to view online. I have to say, one of my favourite art outcomes has been in the photographs of people dressing up and recreating their favourite artworks – so funny!
Of course, some of this willingness to engage with art and creativity is simply because we have more time, but I believe it is more than that. Shopping, drinking, keeping over-busy with socialising, holidays, even fun day trips on the weekends – These are all distractions from ourselves. In normal life, even on my ‘days off’ I would feel compelled to hop on a packed tube to an exhibition, of course followed by lunch then maybe browse a few shops etc. That is all great, and of course part of me misses it, but if I am honest I have always found life overstimulating, even when it is the good stuff that I love. This year we have had our distractions taken away and when left with time and ourselves, many of us found a sense of peace and we have made art.
Creating is a human urge and when we are left with our humanness, we create – the mind wonders to beautifully executed cave art discovered around the globe. It is a personal resource, a way of venting, self regulating and communicating.
I have lost count of the amount of times I have seen a room full of children, or teachers fall totally silent and tranquil during an art task, only to come up for air at the end and describe feelings of peace, calm and flow.
So, creative flow is good, it makes us feel good and helps us to find a sense of calm, even when things around us are not. That in its self is invaluable – children need to know that this flow is always an option, and we need to make sure they know it as an inner resource that they will always have. So that when life, as it inevitably will, changes and stresses, they know they have a method for soothing their souls.
There are other ways though that art can support us, and possibly children on the return to school. Looking at art and discussing it or writing about it can provide an excellent stimulus for talking about feelings, and processing them in a safe way. When this sort of discussion is held in a safe space and by a sensitive and qualified adult it can lead to some powerful conversations. So, selecting art that is appropriate and can facilitate these conversations is key.
Lastly, if you are a school that is willing to dedicate some time to processing the events of Covid and its impact on the children, then you could think about designing a project around it. I would suggest looking at examples of artists who have made work about their feelings in reference to a particular experience or event. You could also look at self portraiture and how artists communicate how they feel through their work.
Suggestions for art activities Back to School post Lockdown:
1. Creative flow – Any activities that are creative flow based and not outcome based. Play relaxing music and let the children get in ‘the zone’. You could start and end each day like this and maybe even do this in transition times. I really like doodle books, a book where the children can draw or doodle whatever they like but you could also try (I by no means advocate this as a usual art lesson) colouring in activities. Just playing with play-dough or modelling clay is another good one – for all ages!
Some more ideas for creative flow activities here.
Mandala Art – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OiSzGBguPm0
2. Look at and respond to art
How do you think the artist was feeling when they made this work? What is happening in this work? How does this make you feel? What does it remind you of? What title would you give this work? Can you write a story to go with this work?
3. Make art about the experience
Look at examples of art made in response to an event, that include the artist’s feelings on the matter. You could start with questions such as How did it feel when school was closed? What was it like to be at home during Lockdown? What do you miss most about life before Lockdown? Did you see or hear any news stories that meant something to you? What did you notice about Lockdown? What did you like/dislike about Lockdown? How does it feel to be back at school? Then simply let the children make a picture about their experiences of Lockdown – it doesn’t have to be the most technically brilliant or make sense to us as viewers. Once the children have made their art, have time for sharing and discussing the symbols, colours choices etc. in the art. Children could even write a ‘curator card’ to go alongside the work.
I hope this post offers some guidance for you as you embark on your return to school and planning lessons.
This is a Question that I get asked a lot, in various forms. I myself have experienced the frustration of sitting in front of the computer, trying to find female artists that link with the ‘Topic’ or ‘History’ theme for that term. So, in a fairly non organised but quick way, here is a list of SOME female artists with suggestions for links…This is not an exhaustive or particularly refined list but hopefully is is helpful nonetheless! This list is a work in progress and I will endeavour to add to it and refine ASAP.
Frida Kahlo – Self portraits / family tree / Mexico / Painting feelings / nature / Colour mixing / still life
Elizabeth Catlett – Portraits / Family / People who help us / Printing / Lines / Tone
Niki de Saint Phalle – Colour / 3D / Animals / Myths / Fantasy
Lubaina Himid – Activist art / migration / black women / paint /
Marianne North – Botanical art / explorer / painting / observational / plans / nature
Amrita Sher-Gil – Indian women in art / painting / portraits / everyday activities
Rachel Whiteread – 3D / negative spaces / everyday objects / concrete / House
Sarah Eisenlohr – Collage / graphic design / landscapes / surreal / magazines
Brianna McCarthy – Collage / mixed media / colour / textiles / masks / portraits / colour /texture
Dorothea Tanning – Surrealism / painting / dreams
Guerrilla Girls – feminist / word art / activist art
Maggi Hambling – drawing / line / portraits / paint / expressionist / abstract
Chila Kumari Burman – Printing / mixed media / 3D / vibrant / Bollywood / Asian culture / found materials / fusion of culture
Michelle Reader – Recycled models / 3D / found materials / Eco art / Junk modelling
Hannah Starkey – photography / women doing everyday things / narrative
Zineb Sedira – Video art / family / portraits / cultures / Arab women / Languages
Lee Krasner – colour / abstract / expressionist / large work / lines /texture
Francoise Gilot – paint / colour / abstract / cubism